ZAPATISTA AUTONOMOUS MUNICIPALITIES AND REGIONS
27/03/2012
© CONAPO
SOCIAL INEQUALITIES (SI)
27/03/2012

INDIGENOUS PEOPLES

According to the 2010 INEGI census, Chiapas has 4,796,580 inhabitants, making it the 7th most populated state in the country. In 2010, half the population was under 22 years old.

Chiapas, like other states in southeastern Mexico, has a multi-ethnic and multicultural population. According to INEGI 2010, some 1,141,499 people older than 5 years speak an indigenous language, which represents 27.2% of the population of the entity. It bears mentioning that the percentages vary according to the criteria used in the research. One approach establishes “visible” criteria, such as speaking an indigenous language or wearing traditional dress, while other studies prioritize an individual’s self-identification as indigenous.

12 of the 62 officially recognized indigenous peoples in Mexico are found in Chiapas. The population of more than 5 years who speak an indigenous language is mainly divided into 5 groups:

  • Tseltal 37.9%
  • Tsotsil 34.5%
  • Ch ́ol 16.0%
  • Zoque 4.5%
  • Tojolabal 4.5%

The Mame, Chuj, Kanjobal, Jacalteco, Lacandon, Katchikel, Mochó (Motozintleco), Quiché and Ixil groups comprise the remaining 2.6% of the state’s indigenous population.

Sources: INEGI 2010, CONAPO 2010