2014
05/01/2015
2014
23/01/2015

2014

January 7: The spokesperson for the Dutch pension fund PGGM, confirms that the transnational corporation Mareña Renewables plans to cancel the wind-energy megaproject it has intended to build in Santa Teresa, San Dionisio del Mar municipality, in the Tehuantepec Isthmus.

Mid-January: The General Assembly of the community of Álvaro Obregón, in the Tehuantepec Isthmus, denounces death threats directed at a member of the communal council and opponent to wind-energy parks.

January 28: The Popular Assembly of the Juchitán People (APPJ) denounces that “hit-men” from the Fenosa Natural Gas company burned down the resistance camp in opposition to the Bii Hioxho wind-energy park for the second time.

February 9 and 10: The Popular Assembly of the Juchiteco People (APPJ) denounces that a group of masked persons, some of them carrying handguns, impeded the passage to several neighbors from Juchitán who were traveling to a parcel of land where local indigenous persons often go to worship.  The masked persons are indicated as being construction workers from the Bii Hioxho wind-energy park. The APPJ indicates also that workers from Fenosa Natural Gas have threatened two members of their organization.

Mid-February: a Chiapas cattle rancher invades lands in the territory of San Miguel Chimalapas and destroys the installations of a camp exploiting pine sap.

February 15: Eva Lucero Rivero Ortiz, a human-rights defender and spokesperson for the Democratic Civic Union of Neighborhoods Colonies and Communities (UCIDEBACC), receives two death-threats to her cell phone. The previous day, other members of UCIDEBACC had been injured as a result of beatings received by the State Preventive Police during a peaceful protest.

End of February: Consorcio for Parliamentary Dialogue and Equity Oaxaca makes an urgent call for other organization to join the presentation of a request for the activation of a gender alert before the increasing number of femicides in the state.

February 28: The Assembly of Indigenous Peoples of the Tehuantepc Isthmus in Defense of Land and Territory (APIIDTT) denounces the death-threats received by relatives of one of its members.

Between February 28 and March 1: the Regional Forum in Defense of Land and Territory, We Struggle against the Caciques is held in the Isthmus community of San Francisco del Mar.

March 2: persons linked to the mayor of Juchitán attack the Communal Council of Álvaro Obregón resulting in at least twenty persons injured and one flipped vehicle.

March 10: In observance of the second anniversary of the murder of Bernardo Vásquez Sánchez, the Oaxacan Collective in Defense of Territory organizes an event to publicly presents its report “Justice for San José del Progreso,” the fruit of a Civil Observation Mission in which SIPAZ participated.

March 10: the ranch belonging to the communal agent of Alváro Obregón (Tehuantepec Ishtmus) Odelio López Vicente is burned. The Assembly of Indigenous Peoples of the Isthmus in Defense of Land and Territory (APIIDTyT) denounces continued attacks, harassments and death-threats against its members.

March 11: The Indigenous Organizations for Human Rights in Oaxaca (OIDHO) denounce that a police operation entered “with an excess of force” to the land belonging to the Cacalotillo Cooperative for Aquaculture and Fishing, in San Pedro Tututepec, municipality of Juquila, to displace the community, leaving seven members of the Cooperative arrested.

March 14: to mark the “International Day of Action against Dams and for Rivers, Water, and Life,” the Council of Peoples United for the Defense of the Verde River (COPUDEVER) carries out a “funerary march” and peacefully occupies the offices of the Federal Electricity Commission (CFE) in the Santiago Jamiltepec municipality to protest the construction of the Paso de la Reina dam.

March 21: the State Preventive Police (PEP) displaces the normalists from the State Coordination for Education in Oaxaca (CNEO) who were protesting in defense of education in Oaxaca.  The outcome is that 162 are arrested, with 25 normalists and 3 journalists injured, as well as a vehicle set to fire.

22 March: 12 members of the Communal Police and of the communal authorities of Álvaro Obregón are arrested by the municipal police of Juchitán. They are released the following day.

March 29: the National Indigenous Congress (CNI) is held in the community of Álvaro Obregón, Juchitán de Zaragoza municipality, where the primary theme for discussion is the organization of communities to resist wind-energy projects in the Tehuantepec Isthmus.

April 10: a member of the Popular Assembly of the Juchiteco People (APPJ) denounces a failed attempt of kidnapping.

Mid April: a significant increase in the number of murders and extra-judicial executions is reported in Oaxaca; some of these have a political character or are related social struggles in Oaxaca.

April 17: six of the seven Loxicha prisoners are transferred to the Central Prison of the State in Santa María Ixcotel de Oaxaca, after federal justice solved the motion they had raised.

April 27: four years have passed since the murder of Bety Cariño and Jyri Jaakkola but it is denounced that the authorities have not demonstrated the necessary political will to end with impunity.  For this reason, Omar Esparza, husband of Bety Cariño, initiates an hunger strike in front of the UN High Commissioner’s Office for Human Rights.

May 3: On the Global day for Freedom of the Press, journalists from different media demand legal guarantees and security to allow them to exercise their profession, since Oaxaca occupies the second place after Mexico City in the number of death-threats and attacks on journalists.

May 7: relatives of the Loxicha prisoner Zacarías Pascual García López denounce the inhumane treatment, psychological torture, and isolation that Zacarías has suffered for 11 months in the Federal Center for Social Readaptation (CEFERESO) located in Mengolí de Morelos, Miahuatlán, Oaxaca.

Mid-May: The Network of Female Activists and Human Rights Defenders of Oaxaca denounces that Oaxaca is the state with the highest number of attacks on women human rights defenders and journalists in Mexico.

May 26: The Mexican League for the Defense of Human Rights (LIMEDDH), reports that the teacher Damian Gallardo Martinez, was attacked in the jail in Salto, Jalisco, where he is imprisoned

June 1: the Caravan for Migrants‘ Free Transit leaves Ciudad Ixtepec, Oaxaca, in order to reach the capital of Mexico, with the aim of denouncing the treatments received by migrants en route to the United States.

June 11: an operation by the Ministry of Public Security (SSP) in San Juan Cotzocón Mixe ends with at least 8 killed. More than a hundred people from the community are displaced due to death-threats.

Mid-June: the Popular Assembly of the Juchiteco People (APPJ) declares that “any consultation to be realized now is illegal, because it should have taken place 10 years ago” since currently, there are more than 15 wind-energy farms in the communal lands of Juchitan, La Venta and other municipalities of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, all of them imposed without prior and informed consent,

Mid-June: Representatives of 42 communities who oppose the construction of the Paso de la Reina hydroelectric dam meet with the Ombudsman of the Office for the Human Rights of the People of Oaxaca (DDHPO) to inform him of the harassment and intimidation from the Federal Electricity Commission (CFE).

July 4: a female activist member of the organization Union of Communities of the Northern Zone of the Isthmus (UCIZONI) is sexually assaulted by a Mexican soldier while she was traveling on a bus.  

July 8: The Gobixha Committee for the Comprehensive Defense of Human Rights (Código DH) denounces that it has received telephone calls to its office threatening opponents to wind-energy projects as well as personnel from its organization for having accompanied penal processes in the Tehuantepec Isthmus.  

August 11: the director of Social Communication of the municipality of San José Cosolapa, Oaxaca and collaborator of the newspaper “El Buen Tono” in Veracruz, Octavio Rojas Hernández is shot dead.

August 19: the human-rights defender Silvia Pérez Yescas, member of Conservation, Investigation, and Exploitation of Natural Resources (CIARENA), receives notice that in the community of San José Río Manzo, unknown persons have placed a bounty on her head amounting to 100,000 pesos.

August 19: Organizations as well as nearly 30 female journalists call on Governor Gabino Cué and the Secretary for Public Security to provide the necessary guarantees for communicators to continue developing their work in the state, after two women communicators were assaulted and robbed of their work equipment in the months of July and August.

Mid-August: the Assembly of the Indigenous Peoples of the Tehuantepec Isthmus in Defense of Land and Territory (APIITDTT) makes public several complaints regarding the situation of resistance against mega-projects of wind farms in the Tehuantepec Isthmus.

September 9: the Network of Female Activists and Human-Rights Defenders of Oaxaca publishes an open letter expressing its concern for the risks faced by members of Radio Nahndiá.

September 14-18: some 600 state police officers of Oaxaca start a strike to demand the resignation of the Secretary for Public Security, the commissioner of the State Preventive Police in addition to other police chiefs, whom they accuse of corruption and of embezzlement of public campaign funds.

September 18: agents of the National Institute on Migration (INM) and the Mexican Army physically and verbally assault members and human-rights defenders associated with the “Brothers on the Path” migrant home in Ixtepec.

September 22: the Consultative Council of Indigenous and Afromexican Peoples of Oaxaca calls on the congress to approve the bill regarding Indigenous and Afromexican Peoples six months after Governor Gabino Cué Monteagudo sent it the state Congress.

September 22: the communal leader Jaime López Hernández, member of the Indigenous Organization for Human Rights in Oaxaca (OIDHO), is killed in the San Andrés Lovene community, San Juan Ozolotepec municipality.

October 2: A march in Oaxaca that was organized to commemorate the Tlatelolco massacre and to express rejection of the grave murders and disappearances of students from Ayotzinapa in Guerrero, in addition to other situations of violence experienced in Mexico, results in the arrest of 75 persons, the majority of whom are minors.

October 8: the home of human-rights defender Silvia Gabriela Hernández Salinas, a member of the Oaxacan Voices Building Autonomy and Freedom (VOCAL) collective, is forcibly entered to remove her personal computer and two external hard drives.

Mid-october: different organizations denounce that 16 months after the incarceration of teacher Damián Gallardo Martínez, the Mexican State has provided no response to the calls from the international community and the UN regarding the human-rights violations he has experienced during his imprisonment.

November 3: a consultative process is launched in Juchitán de Zaragoza.  This process that pretends to be in conformity with the stipulations of Convention 169 of the International Labor Organization (ILO) will define if the population accepts or not a wind-energy project to be implemented by Wind-Energy of the South (formerly Mareña Renewables).

November 5: the parents of the Finnish activist Jyri Jaakkola carry out their fifth visit to Mexico to meet Mexican authorities and demand punishment for those responsible for the murder of their son and of Bety Cariño in 2010.

November 5: members of the Popular Assembly of the Juchiteco People (APPJ) denounce that they received threats by phone. These threats come within the context of the first phase of agreements for a consultation that is being carried out in Juchitán, Tehuantepec Isthmus, regarding a new wind-energy project to be implemented by Wind-Energy of the South (formerly Mareña Renewables).

November 6: the mayor of San Baltazar Chichicápam, located in the Ocotlán district, orders to fire against residents who were cleaning the streets of the community, leading to 17 persons injured.

Mid-November: Civil organizations report that the “international standards on human rights” weren’t respected in the previous agreements for the consultation on a new wind-energy project in Juchitán.

November 25: In the framework of the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women, it is reported that within the past 10 years, the number of femicides has nearly trebled.  344 femicides and 122 forcible disappearances of women that have not been prosecuted have occurred during the four years of the present state government in Oaxaca.

November 25: eight years are commemorated since the confrontation between civil society and the police that took place in 2006, leading to 25 killed, around 500 arrested, 380 tortured, and 5 disappeared. A Truth Commission is founded.

Beginning of December: an increase of acts of intimidation and harassment against opponents to wind-energy projects is observed after the beginning of a consultation process.

December 5: two persons are injured after a confrontation in San Dionisio del Mar, Tehuantepec Isthmus, between members of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) and of the Peoples’ Assembly of this community.