2012
21/01/2013
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2012
07/02/2013

2012

13 January: the state congress of Oaxaca unanimously approves the Law for the Defense of the Human Rights of the People of Oaxaca.

18 January: at least two residents of San José del Progreso who are opposed to the mining operation carried out by the company Cuzcatlán (associated with the Canadian firm Silver Fortune) are injured by gunshots presumably fired by members of the municipality and police. Bernardo Vásquez Sánchez, one of the injured, succumbs to his wounds the following day.

18 January: communal authorities of San Miguel Chimalapa and Santa María Chimalapa present before the Supreme Court of Justice in the Nation (SCJN) a constitutional controversy against the Chiapas state-government. They request the nullification of the creation of a new municipality in Chiapas, Belisario Domínguez, in the zone beside Los Chimalapas between Oaxaca and Chiapas.

29 January: in assembly, the communards of San Dionisio del Mar in the Tehuantepec Isthmus decide to revoke the contract of usage of 1643 hectares of communal land for the Preneal firm. The assembly also agrees to peacefully occupy the municipal palace of their community.

7 February: displaced Triqui families announce that they will newly install themselves in a sit-in in front of the Palace of Governance in Oaxaca de Juárez

22 February: the Federal Attorney General’s Office (PGR) detains the human-rights defender Lucila Bettina Cruz Velázquez, member of the Assembly of the Indigenous Peoples of the Tehuantepec Isthmus in Defense of Land and Territory. Cruz Velázquez is released on bail the day after.

3 March: members of Consorcio for Parliamentary Dialogue and Equity in Oaxaca (Consorcio Oaxaca) report that their offices had been broken into, this being the second occasion that it suffers an aggression with similar characteristics.

15 March: Bernardo Vásquez Sánchez, spokesperson for the Coordination of the United Peoples of the Ocotlán Valley (COPUVO), is ambushed and murdered.

28 March: civil and social organizations celebrate the elimination of criminal preventive detention (“arraigo”) in the criminal codes and criminal procedure of the state of Oaxaca.

2 April: the Supreme Court for Justice in the Nation (SCJN) decides to deny the motions submitted by the state of Oaxaca and the municipalities of Santa María and San Miguel Chimalapas regarding the creation of a new municipality in Chiapas, Belisario Domínguez, in the Chimalapas region.

13 April: the rights-defender Alba Cruz from the organization Committee for the Wholesome Defense of Human Rights Gobixta (Código DH) and the wife of the union activist Marcelino Coache receive a death-threat on their cell phone. Both messages came from the same number.

17 April: the Regional Center for Human Rights “Bartolomé Carrasco” A.C., the Diocene Commission for Justice and Peace, and the Oaxacan Citizens’ Initiative denounce new death-threats against Father R. Francisco Wilfrido Mayrén Peláez, better known as Padre Uvi“,.

23 April: the famous Oaxacan painter Francisco Toledo affirms that he has received death-threats via an e-mail presumably sent by members of the criminal group Los Zetas.

9 May: 37 deputies from the Oaxacan legislature name Arturo Peimbert Calvo president of the Defense Committee for the Human Rights of the Oaxacan People (DDHPO), a choice that is considered as an imposition by civil organizations.

12 May: The priest Alejandro Solalinde Guerra, founder and director of the migrant home “Brothers on the Path” in the city of Ixtepec, declares that he will leave the country due to the fact that he has received several death-threats since the year 2010, after having denounced the existence of an international network that kidnaps migrants. These threats have become more frequent in recent months.

14 May: 17 civil and social organizations from Oaxaca state sign a communique to reject the “Pact of Governance and Concord” proposed by the state government.

23 May: authorities from the state of Oaxaca detain the presumed material author of the murder of U.S. journalist Brad Will.

6 June: teachers from Section 22 of the National Union of Educational Workers (SNTE) suspend their strike and sit-in in the Zócalo of Oaxaca de Juárez after having reached an agreement with the state and federal governments regarding their demands.

6 June: the home of Mario Hernández Martínez, a human-rights defender, is harassed. Cash and a laptop are stolen, with this last containing important information. There are antecedents of intimidation against him.

16 June: members of the Coordination of the United Peoples of the Ocotlán Valley (CPUVO) are injured in an attack using firearms in the community of San José del Progreso. The CPUVO, blames those associated with the Cuzcatlán mining firm that operates in the municipality and local authorities for the attack.

1 July: some 40 people protest after the closing of the electoral booths in front of the headquarters of the local Council of the Federal Electoral Institute (IFE) in Oaxaca de Juárez to demand that they be given electoral forms so that they could vote, given that they could not do so in the special booths due to lack of forms.

22 July: several protesters are beaten, subjected and arrested in Oaxaca de Juárez just before the end of the March against imposition” organized by #IAm132.

21 August: Juan Domingo Pérez Castillo, founder of the Movement for Triqui Unity and Struggle (MULT) is attacked with firearms by an unknown subject in downtown Oaxaca de Juárez.

11 September: The civil-society organizations Luna del Sur, Tequio Jurídico, and the Gobixha Committee for Comprehensive Defense of Human Rights (Código DH), present a report regarding the use of public force and investigation of responsibility in the case of the repression that took place during the arrest of youth on 22 July in Oaxaca de Juárez at the end of a March organized by #YoSoy132.

22 and 23 September: members of the #IAm132 movement and representatives of different civil and social organizations carry out a Second National Convention against Imposition in Oaxaca de Juárez, during which they discuss a plan of action to prevent the accession of the PRI’s Enrique Peña Nieto (EPN) to the presidency.

27 September: two years and five months after the murders of the Mexican human-rights defender Beatriz Cariño and the Finnish observer Jyri Jaakkola, 12 arrest-orders are released against the presumed material authors of their deaths.

1 to 3 October: members of Peace Brigades International (PBI) and representatives of member-organizations of the National Network of Civil Human Rights Organizations “All Rights for All” carry out a civil mission in the state of Oaxaca toward the end of “corroborating the human-rights violations committed against rights-defenders in this state.” According to data registered by the Network, Oaxaca is the state with the greatest number of human-rights violations against rights-defenders in Mexico.

9 October: Father Alejandro Solalinde Guerra, director of the Hermanos en el Camino shelter, reports that the Attorney General of Oaxaca called for the release of about 10 orders for the arrest of persons responsible for the death threats he has received in the past. He recieved a new threat by email on October 5.

16 October: The State Attorney General’s Office (PGJ) of the state of Oaxaca reports that two presumed material authors of the murder of Bernardo Vásquez Sánchez, spokesperson of the Coordination of United Peoples of the Ocotlán Valley on March 12, have been arrested.

16 October: the general assembly of the Zoque municipality of Santa María Chimalapa decides to declare itself an autonomous municipality, this until the three branches of governmental power in Oaxaca ratify the dismissal of the mayor and the cancellation of his powers in the municipality.

22 October: opponents of the mineral extraction overseen by the Cuzcatlán firm, Canadian subsidiary of Fortuna Silver, are attacked in Magdalena Ocotlán after workers from the Cuzcatlán firm began excavation work in the community without the proper permits for the introduction of an aqueduct that would increase the amount of treated water from the mine located in San José del Progreso.

18 November: Mayor Francisco Valle Piamonte and about 200 people retake the town hall of San Mateo del Mar after eight months of being taken by people opposed to him. They accuse him of allowing the construction of a wind farm without consulting the population and to divert public resources.

From 19 to 21 November: national and international organizations carry out an observation mission in the community of San José del Progreso, Oaxaca, toward the end of making visible the human-rights violations committed against members of the Coordination of the United Peoples of the Ocotlán Valley (CPUVO), who since 2007 have resisted the activities of the Cuzcatlán mining firm.

25 November: The Section 22 of the National Union of Educational Workers (SNTE) march toward the zócalo of Oaxaca City, in observance of the six-year anniversary of a confrontation with the police, in repudiation of the repression experienced in 2006 to demand punishment of those responsible.

7 December: a judge in the state of Oaxaca concedes the motion presented by the Ikojt community of San Dionisio del Mar against the development of a wind-energy park as promoted by the Spanish firm Mareña Renewables on their territory.

10 December: Consortium for Parliamentary Dialogue and Gender Equity presents a Special Report on Violence and Impunity against women activists and human rights defenders in Oaxaca, which is intended to draw attention to the fact that Oaxaca is the state with the highest rate of cases of abuse and attacks against human rights defenders.

23 December: About 300 state and municipal police evict the camp that Oaxaca displaced people from San Juan and San Miguel Copala held in front of the government. Most of them were women and children. The camp had been reinstalled in October with the promise that their demands would be met.