SIPAZ Activities (From mid-August to mid-November 2010)
Don Samuel Ruiz García © Friar Bartolomé de las Casas Human Rights Center
ARTICLE : BEYOND CHIAPAS – The legacy of Don Samuel Ruiz García (1924-2011)


5 January 2010: Agents of the Ministerial Investigative Police detain Rodrigo Morales Valtierra, member of the community radio Radio Ñomndaa “The voice of water,” in Xochistlahuaca.

7 January 2010: the governor of Guerrero, Zeferino Torreblanca Galindo, announces that his government will comply with the CNDH recommendation regarding the cases of Raúl Lucas Lucía and Manuel Ponce Rosas and will punish officials for misconduct and omission, provided these were to be discovered to have taken place.

12 January 2010: To avoid “instability, insecurity, and political uncertainty,” the Supreme Court of Justice for the Nation (SCJN) ratifies that elections in Guerrero will be held in January 2011 and that the governor will be elected only for a period of four and a half years.

12 February: Federal agents detain Rogaciano Alba Álvarez, ex-director of the Regional Livestock-Breeders’ Union of Guerrero and a cacique from the region of Petatlán, in Guadalajara, Jalisco. Álvarez is presumed to be highly placed within the Sinaloa and La Familia cartels and is also thought to have been the architect of the murder of human-rights defender Digna Ochoa, which took place in October 2001.

14 February: Hundreds of residents of the municipality of Tlacotepec in the Guerrero Sierra come together in the esplanade of the city hall, where they denounce the murder of Juan Alberto Rodríguez, which occurred two days earlier. They blame the murder on the military and demand that soldiers be removed from their communities.

16 February 2010: Members of the 19st Military Battalion along with armed civilians realize a new violent raid in La Morena Community.

22 February 2010: five members of the Organization of the Me’phaa Indigenous Peoples (OPIM) are granted an appeal for legal protection, putting a stop to arrest warrants against them.

24 February 2010: David Valtierra Arango, co-founder of the Community Radio Ñomndaa (“The word of water”) is released from his imprisonment related to charges of robbery and infringement of personal liberty against Ariosto Rocha Ramírez, brother of a local PRI deputy in Guerrero, Aceadeth Rocha Ramírez.

6 March 2010: Obtilia Eugenio Manuel—an indigenous Me´phaa, human rights defender in the state of Guerrero, president of the Organization of the Me´phaa Indigenous Peoples (OPIM, Organización del Pueblo Indígena Me´phaa) and, since April 2009, a recipient of provisional measures ordered by the Inter-American Court on Human Rights—is again the victim of threats made in an anonymous letter directed to her that was found in the OPIM offices.

22 March 2010: Andrea Eugenio Manuel, human rights defender, member of the Organization of the Me’phaa Indigenous People (OPIM) and sister of Obtilia Eugenio Manuel (its director) is threatened with death.

15 April 2010: in Lima, Perú, the Inter-American Court on Human Rights listens to the final oral testimonies of the case of Fernández Ortega vs. México (personal integrity and access to justice). Inés Fernández is an indigenous activist from Guerrero who reported being raped by Mexican military forces in 2002.

18 April 2010: A communal assembly on the La Parota Electric Dam project is canceled due to the arrival of some 400 members from the Council of Ejidos and Communities Opposed to the La Parota Project (CECOP), with only ten people supposedly supporting it.

28 April 2010: ejiditarios of Communal Lands Cacahuatepec approve of the expropriation of more than 300 thousand hectares of land for the construction of the La Parota hydroelectric dam, near Acapulco. The assembly is guarded by 600 ministerial, state, and municipal police who blocked more than 1500 members of the Council of Ejidos and Communities Opposed to La Parota Dam (CECOP) from entering the assembly.

12 May 2010: The CECOP presents a demand before the United Agrarian Tribunal (TUA) requesting the annulment of the 18 April 2010 assembly, in which supporters of the project approved the expropriation of land for the construction of La Parota while the presence of more than 600 police prevented opposition from entering the assembly.

19 May 2010: members of the Council of Ejidos and Communities Opposed to the La Parota Dam (CECOP) demonstrate before the Senate of the Republic in Mexico City to demand the cancellation of the construction of the La Parota hydroelectric dam.

27 May 2010: the Inter-American Court on Human Rights (IACHR) hears in San José, Costa Rica, the case of indigenous woman Valentina Rosendo Cantú, who for eight years has stipulated that she was raped by soldiers in the municipality of Acatepec, Guerrero in 2002.

30 May 2010: The main judge in the case of Rául Hernández Abundio engages in an ocular inspection of the Me’phaa community El Camalote that allows him to find falsehoods in the declarations of the main accuser against him.

12 June 2010: without evidence of his involvement in the crimes he was accused of, the leader of the Organization for the Future of the Mixteco People (OFPM), Álvaro Ramírez, is acquitted and released. He had been detained by Ministerial Investigative Police (PIM) on June 6, accused of the murder of Andrés Feliciano Modesta as well as the attempted murder of Policarpo Patriarca Agustín, which occurred in November 2009 in Ayutla de los Libres.

22 June 2010: Amnesty International (AI) releases an Urgent Action in support of the prisoner of conscience, Raúl Hernández, who has received threats from inmates in the jail of Ayutla de los Libres.

5 July 2010: Two years and five months after the murder of Lorenzo Fernández Ortega, brother of Inés Fernández Ortega, who was raped by soldiers in 2002, the Attorney General of the State of Guerrero (PGJE) presents a homicide suspect. The PGJE concludes that the killing resulted from a conflict that arose during a drinking binge.

6 August 2010: the State Attorney General’s Office (PGJE) of Guerrero requests Hernández Abundio, member of the OPIM be given the maximum sentence of 50 years.

27 August 2010: After having been held for 28 months in the prison of Ayutla de los Libres, Raúl Hernández Abundio, member of the Organization of the Me’phaa Indigenous People (OPIM), is released.

30 August 2010: the director of the Organization for the Future of the Mixteco People (OFPM), Álvaro Ramírez Concepción, is attacked by eight men carrying firearms and receives several gunshot-wounds, two of which are grave. The gunfire also strikes his brother Audencio Ramírez as well as two more persons.

6 September 2010: the Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation (SCJN) decides to analyze the sentence and recommendations made by the Inter-American Court on Human Rights (IACHR) in the case of Rosendo Radilla, which demonstrated that the Mexican State had violated the rights of Radilla, disappeared since 1974.

14 September 2010: a commando-group kidnaps Víctor Ayala Tapia, leader of the Free Front Hermenegildo Galeana, in the community of Papanoa from the municipality of Tecpan de Galeana, Guerrero. At the beginning of September he had led the occupation of city hall to demand a solution to the requests of the social court.

23 September 2010: the Robert F. Kennedy center, headquartered in Washington, D.C., announces that it will grant the Robert F. Kennedy Human-Rights Prize to the director of the Tlachinollan Mountain Center for Human Rights, Abel Barrera Hernández.

27 September 2010: Genaro Gruz Apóstol, Silverio Matías Domínguez and David Valtierra Arango, founding members of the autonomous municipality Suljaa´ de Xochistlahuaca, are sentenced to 3 years and 2 months imprisonment and a fine of 1,753 pesos.

1 October 2010: the Inter-American Court on Human Rights (IACHR) releases two sentences condemning the Mexican State for the rapes suffered in 2002 by the Me’phaa indigenous women Inés Fernández Ortega and Valentina Rosendo Cantú.

13 to 16 October 2010: in observation of its 15th anniversary, the Regional Coordination of Communal Authorities-Communal Police (CRAC-PC) organize a National Meeting for the Justice and Security of the People together with the Intercultural University of the Peoples of the South (UNISUR) in San Luis Acatlán. More than 3000 people attend the meeting.

24 October 2010: 40 arrest-orders are reactivated against social leaders of the Guerrero teacher’s movement. 5 are actually detained.

28 October 2010: in Mexico City, an audience is held before the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) in which social organizations denounce the violation on the part of the Mexican State of the right to consultation and participation in matters related to the public interest, in light of the construction of mega-projects such as for example the hydroelectric dam La Parota

4 November 2010: in Chilpancingo, social organizations hold a commemoration on the first anniversary of the death of Omar Guerrero Solís, also known as Commander Ramiro, member of the Revolutionary Army of Insurgent Peoples (ERPI), who was killed in the sierra of Coyuca de Catalán on 4 November of last year.

5 November 2010: representatives of Hochschild Mining-Mexico present introduce themselves in the House of Justice of San Luis Acatlan and report hat they have authorization from INEGI to conduct low-flying magnetometer recognition, “for their own benefit,” over community territory to search for minerals that can be exploited.

1 and 8 November 2010: residents from El Jicaral, in the municipality of Coicoyán de las Flores of the Oaxaca state enter violently in the municipality of Tlachistlahuaca, Guerrero.

10 November 2010: in the city of Acapulco, facilities of the newspaper El Sur de Acapulco are attacked by a group of armed individuals who enter the offices. The attackers fire their weapons several times while 12 people were working. Nobody is injured.

11 November 2010: at the port of Acapulco, more than 500 campesinos opposed to the La Parota hydroelectric dam project demonstrate in front of the Federal Electrical Commission (CFE) to again voice their rejection of the imposition of the dam.

26 November 2010: the Chamber of Deputies approves the inclusion of resources for the construction of the La Parota hydroelectric dam near Acapulco in the Expenditure Budget of the Federation for 2011, despite widespread rejection of the project throughout the area of its intended location.

28 November 2010: Obtilia Eugenio Manuel and Cuauhtémoc Ramírez Rodríguez, respectively president and leader of the Organization of the Me’phaa Indigenous People s(OPIM), receive new death threats at their home.

7 December 2010: about 35 military personnel aboard three Hummer vehicles enter once again the community of La Morena, municipality of Petatlan, using their weapons and causing panic among residents. According to testimonies, men and teenagers rush to the nearby hills, while women, children and elders gather in their homes, which are raided by the military.

17-20 December 2010: Radio Ñomndaa celebrates the sixth anniversary of the autonomous radio project in the municipality Suljaa’ (Xochistlahuaca).

20 December 2010: the CoIDH condemns the Mexican state for violating the rights of freedom, integrity, judicial guarantees and judicial protection of Rodolfo Montiel and Teodoro Cabrera, known as “the campesino ecologists.” In 1999, Rodolfo Montiel and Teodoro Cabrera were arrested by the military, for their fight against deforestation in the Sierra de Petatlán.