In March, the official plan for the Development of the Indigenous Peoples was presented, which tossed aside key aspects of the COCOPA law, and in their place, announced the implementation of governmental programs. The Zapatistas and the majority of indigenous organizations rejected these initiatives, instead wagering on the construction of autonomy through their own actions, from the base of their communities.
Until the end of 2002, the EZLN remained in silence, protesting the approval of the constitutional reform over indigenous rights. Three parallel processes could possibly modify this newly stagnant scenario.
Meanwhile, the zapatista resistance continues amidst inevitable tensions with the local official authorities and with organizations once allied and now in dispute with it for territorial and political control. Between July and August of 2002, Chiapas recorded a worrisome escalation of violence and the murder of various civil leaders in autonomous municipalities located in the Jungle region. From mid-year on, another axis of tension was the threat of violent evictions of the communities settled in the Montes Azules Biosphere.